Francesco Celani received a degree in Experimental Physics from Physics department of University “La Sapienza”-Roma (1975). His thesis was on argument applied cybernetics: electronic nuclear detectors used on nuclear accelerator (e+e- 3.1GeV Collider, ADONE). He has been a staff member of INFN-LNF since July 1, 1976.
From 1976-1983 Celani worked on the NA1 experiment at CERN-SPS; mainly on the design of the first (in the world, at that time) ultra-compact, remotely controlled, High Voltage generators for both Multi Wires Proportional Chambers (MWPC) and Photo Multipliers (PM). He developed an ultra-fast, variable repetition rate and power, pulser to calibrated, by short duration (few ns) light pulses the PM: discovered the so-called “rate effect” on PM. Because discovering of such unexpected effects that could produces fake signals in specific operating points of PM, the industries developed (since 1982) a new family of PM called “rate effect free”. He also developed some, fast, low-noise charge pre-amplifiers for silicon detectors used in the front-end of the SPS beam (350GeV).
From 1983-1987 Celani studied, in collaboration with Salerno University, Superconducting Tunnel Junctions (Ni-Pb; T=4.2K) having an intrinsic energy gap of only few meV. During 1985-1986, in parallel with superconducting studies, Celani joined a small group aimed to measure the neutron flux inside the Underground Gran Sasso Laboratory. From 1987-1992 he developed procedures to improve the quality of High Temperature Superconductors, specially type YBCO.
Involved in LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Reactions) studies since 1989 Celani focused, at the beginning, in the search of neutrons. The discovery of non-equilibrium has been the key aspect of almost all his research in LENR. From 2003 he has studied both usual Pd-D2O electrolytic systems and gaseous environments. Recently, adopting the sub-micrometric size approach of using some specific materials (usually Pd and their alloys) he has observed the anomalous effects with increased reproducibility. The results were further improved when he introduced (since 2011) some specific low-cost materials, like Constantan (alloy of Cu-Ni-Mn), that showed the possibility to operate, under gaseous environments, even at temperature as large as 600°C. The Constantan, in the shape of thin and long wires, was deeply modified at the surface to get nano-structures, multi-layered.
After the ICCF17 Conference (Korea, August 2012), several colleagues asked to use his multi-layered wires to reproduce the results. Among others, the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project (MFMP, Europe, USA, India) started an OPEN SOURCE project. Their procedures and results were seen, in real time, by over 600,000 followers of their scientific blog.